|Murtala Muhammed Airport|
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has said that a total of 15,232, 597 passengers travelled through Nigeria’s airports in 2016.
The NBS disclosed this in a report entitled “Fourth Quarter 2016 and Full Year 2016 Air Transportation Data”.
The report said that 72 percent were domestic passengers while the remaining 28 percent were international, entering or leaving Nigeria.
“Between 2015 and 2016 the number of passengers recorded by the Federal Aviation Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) has increased by 6.3 percent,” NBS said.
“However, since the publication of the last report, FAAN has included data on passengers travelling through more airports, including Bauchi, Eket, Gombe and Uyo.
“Together, the newly included airports accounted for 667,877 passengers in 2016 or 4.4 per cent of the total.
“Excluding these from the comparison with 2015 reveals that between these two years, total passenger traffic increased by 1.6 percent for those airports included in both years.”
The report stated that in both the third and final quarters of 2016, there was a quarterly decline in the number of passengers travelling through Nigerian airports.
It stated that between the second and third quarters, the number fell by 1.0 percent, from 3,900,649 to 3,861,252.
NBS, however, noted that in the final quarter, the fall was more pronounced; the number declined by 5.6 percent to reach 3,644,844.
“This contrasts with both 2015, in which the number of passengers increased slightly between the third and fourth quarters.
“The number of passengers increased by 0.9 percent in 2015 and 2014, in which there was a growth of 5.9 per cent in the number of passengers between the same two-quarters.
“These totals hide differing trends in the total number of domestic and international passengers.
“The number of domestic passengers fell between the second and third quarters by 6.4 per cent, from 2,864,072 to 2,681,693.”
In the last quarter, the report stated that the number of passengers fell again by 1.6 percent to reach 2,637,975.
It stated that there was a large spike in international passengers in the third quarter.
“The number increased by 13.8 per cent, from 1,036,577 to 1,179,559, before falling back by 14.6 percent in the last quarter to reach 1,006,869.”
It, however, stated that due to the small number of international passengers relative to domestic passengers, the latter had a larger impact on total movements in passenger numbers in the third quarter.
“In the fourth quarter, this reversed, with the drop in international passenger numbers contributing 4.5 percent points of the 5.6 percent drop in total passengers or roughly 80 percent.
“This spike in the third quarter for international travel may be part of a seasonal pattern: 2014 and 2015 also recorded spikes in the number of international travellers in the third quarter.’’
According to the report, throughout 2016, the performance of the different parts of the Nigerian Aviation sector varied.
It stated that there were large increases in the volume of both cargo and mail, especially in the final quarter.
By contrast, most airports recorded a decline in the number of aircraft to land and depart.
“Output in the Air Transport Sector, as well as its contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), declined in 2016.
“During the year, several airlines had operational issues, and either cut back on services provided or stopped operations entirely.’
The further report stated that in real terms, the output in the sector declined by 4.9 percent between 2015 and 2016, with the largest year on year fall recorded in the final quarter, of 13.3 per cent.
“However, despite the recession which may have been expected to reduce demand for travel, the number of passengers using most airports increased.
“The fall in output was likely to be more of a reflection of increased costs of operations, rather than decreased demand,’’ it stated.