Problem: In 2003, 80% of the drugs on sale in Lagos were counterfeit. Generally, 41% of all
the drugs in the Nigerian market were fake or substandard.
- Restructuring and reorganisation of the National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC)
- Improving NAFDAC operations
- Engaging Stakeholders and sensitising them on the dangers of fake drugs.
- Enforcing Discipline, including naming and shaming offenders.
Main Achievements: The reforms have made significant progress in the fight against
counterfeit drugs. First, the incidence of counterfeit and substandard drugs has reduced
from 41% in 2003 to less than 10% in 2013. Secondly, National Food and Drug
Administration and Control (NAFDAC) was rated by the polling company NOI Polls as the
most effective government agency in Nigeria for three years in a row, 2007, 2008, and
2009. Thirdly, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime rated Nigeria as West Africa’s
most effective drug control country and commended the work of NAFDAC.
World Health Organisation’s. Lastly in 2013, Nigeria obtained the ISO 17025 accreditation for two of NAFDAC’s laboratories.
(a) abuse of off-the-shelf medication, such as Benylin and codeine;
(b) weak regulation of herb-infused alcoholic drinks known as ‘paraga’ or ‘sepe’; and
(c) decline in the frequency of unannounced raids on pharmacies in the last few years.
Reference: Public Service Reforms in Nigeria (1999-2014) - A Comprehensive Review
Click to view Compendium