Problem: There is an insufficiency in water availability in Nigeria. Only 0.02% of an irrigation potential of 3.14 million hectares is currently in use. Only 18% of an impounded water potential of 31 billion cubic metres in 200 dams is effectively utilised. Nigeria has one of the highest rates of open defecation in the world.
- Re-establishment of the Federal Ministry of Water Resources in 2010
- Presidential Retreat on Water in 2013
- Strengthening of Policies and Strategies on Water
- Development of Water Sector Roadmap in 2011
- Engagement of Stakeholders
- Establishment of a Water Sector Reform and PPP Unit
- Release of Annual Flood Outlook from 2013
- Revitalisation of the River Basin Authorities
- Completion of New Dams in 2012
- Major Water Schemes across the country.
Main Achievements: Reforms have increased access to potable water from 58% to 65% coverage, while access to improved sanitation facilities moved from 32% to 41%. Reforms have also led to rehabilitation of 12 River Basin Development Authorities and construction of nine new dams.
- (a) 60% of water in urban areas is unaccounted for; and
(b) Nigeria has the highest rate of public defecation in Africa and one of the highest rates in the world; the trend has worsened from 23 million people practicing open defecation in 1990 rising to 39 million in 2012;
(c) many rural water initiatives have failed and often produce no water beyond the date of commissioning; and
(d) the use of private bore holes by citizens is a major feature of this sector.