Problem: Spaces in tertiary institutions could only accommodate 21% of applicants; in 2010, only 23% of candidates passed the West African Senior School Certificate Examinations with 5 credits in above and only 9% passed the National Examination Council (NECO) examinations with five credits and above.
- Tripling of Education budget from N224 billion in 2007 to N634 billion in 2013
- Development of Four-Year Strategic Plan
- Strengthening the Institutional Management of Education
- Promoting Access and Equity
- Improving the Quality of Education
- Teacher Education and Development
- Technical and Vocational Education and Training
- Promoting Global Support for Nigerian Education
Main Achievements: The reforms have, inter alia, achieved the following:
(a) 20% increase in primary school enrolment;
(b) 24% increase in secondary school enrolment;
(c) significant increase in the carrying capacity of tertiary institutions from 324,000 in 2010 to more than 500,000 in 2013;
(d) 39% increase in students achieving five credits and above in West African Examination Council (WAEC) in 2012;
(e) 20% increase in National Examination Council (NECO) passes. For those seeking higher education, access into the 12 new (federal) universities has increased the affordability of university education, as tuition is still free in federal universities and
(f) an increase in trained healthcare workers from 2466 in 2010 to 8686 in 2013 while the number provided HIV services increased from 4294 in 2010 to 10407 in 2013.
(a) existence of a large number of out-of-school children;
(b) poor quality at all levels, particularly in public tertiary institutions;
(c) increasing cost of service delivery, despite the increased participation of the private sector;
(d) incessant and protracted strikes, particularly at public tertiary institutions;
(e) weak coordination capacity among local NGOs and
(f) insufficient funding by national, state and local governments with a heavy reliance on donor funding.
Reference: Public Service Reforms in Nigeria (1999-2014) - A Comprehensive Review
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